Reformed Eschatology

Introduction

Eschatology: es’ka-tol’o-je, n. [Gr. eschatos, Last,
 and logos, discourse; word.] Theol. The discourse of the
last or final things; Kingdom and end time doctrines such as the after life,
judgments, apostasy, Christ’s return, and the final destination of the
soul; Declaration of future prophecy or biblical events; also Prophesy.
–es-cha-to-log-i-cal, es’ka-to-loj’i-kal, a. —es-cha-to-log-i-cal-ly, adj.es-cha-to-o-gist. n.

 

The subject of Eschatology in Reformed Christianity is one which has been much neglected. In fact, it is very difficult to even find anything substantive at all (from Biblical perspectives) about chapters such as Revelation or Daniel. Unfortunately, in some Christian circles the subject is treated as if it were unimportant or even taboo. Curiously, some consider these scriptures dangerous, or at best a non-issue. But while caution may be somewhat understandable (considering the wild and unscriptural prophesies proliferating Christian literature today) it is nontheless a great disservice to God. For God did not incorporate eschatology into the Holy canon to be ignored, or cast aside as insignificant in our relationship with Him. False eschatology is not an excuse to shun eschatology. For true Christianity is defined in the prophesies and hope of eternal communion with God, an eschatology essential to sound Christian doctrine.

For these reasons we have created this subject page as a vehicle for informed and biblically minded Christians’ to openly examine some of these doctrines in the light of the scriptures. Biblical Christianity in its truest form rests upon the understanding that ‘interpretations belong to God -gen. 40:8, 41:16.’ Thus truth is discerned by the careful study of His word in a Biblical and ordered manner. Wisdom is in approaching the word of God in the right Spirit of humility and open-mindedness (to scripture), which will only extend our understanding. These are essential elements to sound Biblical studies. God’s Spirit bearing witness with our spirit, this is how we come to understand truth. Because it is ultimately His Spirit that teaches ‘through’ His word. No scripture is of private interpretation, nor subject to it–and neither is Eschatology!


 

 

  The Millennial Reign

  • Historic Amillennialism

    The Millennial Reign of Christ from the historic Protestant Reformation church perspective (today called Amillennialism) of establishment of the kingdom.

  • Revelation Chapter 20

    A verse by verse Biblical expostion of Revelation Chapter 20’s Millennial (1000 year) Reign of Christ and its relationship to the binding of Satan. Has Messiah already established this reign and kingdom?

  • The Feast of Tabernacles

    The prophetic significance of the Feast of Tabernacles to the Church, in the fulfilling of the Millennial Reign of Christ.

  • They Shall Beat Their Swords Into Plowshares

    One of the central doctrines of Christianity is the teaching of the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom of God. Though Isaiah chapter 2:1-5 concerns this coming Kingdom, there has been some confusion on the understanding of beating swords into plowshares.

  

  Other Excellent Studies on the Kingdom

  • Amillennialism (or the truth of the Return of the Lord Jesus)
    By Rev. D. H. Kuiper
  • Jewish Dreams  (is it the hope of the Reformed Church)
    by Prof. David Engelsma, A.B., B.D., Th.M.
  • Pentecost
    by Kim Riddlebarger, B.A., M.A.R., Ph.D.

   

The Rapture

  • The Rapture of the Church

    Some Christians believe that the bible teaches that the Church of Christ will not go through the final outburst of evil, led by the Antichrist, that is to happen just before the coming of the Lord in judgment (2 Thess 2:1-12). Is this teaching Biblically sound?

  • Is The Pretribulation Rapture Biblical?

    This doctrine is so popular that it is even considered a test of a person’s orthodoxy in some denominations, Bible colleges and seminaries, the exegetical and theological arguments are all classic cases of forcing one’s theological presuppositions onto particular texts (eisegesis).

  • The Rapture

    When is the rapture and what’s God’s purpose for it? Pretribulation rapture or after? You may find that what the Bible says on this subject is quite different from what you have been taught. by James M. Frye

  

The Apostasy

  • 2nd Thessalonians Chapter 2

    The prophesy of the “Apostasia!” The forsaking, or separation from God by the unfaithful Church, which must take place before Christ’s second Parousia, or advent.

  • The Apostate Church

    The Bible teaches that as the age comes close to its end there will be a time of Great Tribulation. Jesus gave his disciples information about the nature of this Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:15 – 28).

  • Mystery Babylon The Great

    Is this Great Harlot Woman Babylon, the false Church as she appears on earth? Indeed, is she already beginning to be well developed in our own time, the church (as a whole) that has abandoned the truth of the word of God?

  • Come Out of Her My People

    In this chapter John describes the certain judgment of God upon all false congregations, religions or Churches, symbolized by Babylon, the great whore. Come out of her My people. This is the command our Lord gives to his elect in every age. Be not partakers of her sins, that ye receive of her plaques.

  • Spiritual Coldness

    How prevalent today is this terrible phenomenon of the love of many waxing cold. Let us beware, be sober, watchful unto prayer. This is a sign of the imminent return of Jesus Christ, our Lord. May we lift up our heads and through this phenomena expect our Saviour from heaven, the Son of God, Who will then deliver us completely from the wrath to come.

  • Modernism and the Wrath of God

    Do Modern People Have Room for the Wrath of God? How do we think about disasters? On 9/11, disaster struck in the form of plane hijackings, loss of lives, the collapse of the World Trade Center Towers, and the damage to the Pentagon. A few years later, a tsunami struck in southern Asia. Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans. Some Christians thought that one or more of these disasters were judgments from God.

  • 7 Characteristics of false Teachers

    Thomas Brooks (1608-1680) examines the deceiving nature and discernable characteristics of false teachers, and their devices to snare the unwary!

  • Discipleship in the Face of Apostasy

    “Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first.” Apostasy in the church, therefore, is one of the signs of Christ’s coming.

  • What Is The Abomination of Desolation

    Is the Abomination of Desolation prophesied by Christ in matthew 24, Past, Present, or Future, and what is the Biblical warrant for it being said to occur in a literal Temple in Jerusalem?

  • Who is the Antichrist!

    A short exposition on the Prophesy of the coming of Antichrist. Who is he, and what do the scriptures have to say about his presence?

  • The Mark of the Beast  (666)

    An exposition on the Mark of the Beast, the number 666, and how scriptures instructs the wise and understanding to count the number to discern it’s meaning. Count the number six hundred sixty and six!

  • The End Time State of the Church

    The Bible tells us many things about the End-Time state of “the church”. In this series we will be looking at many of those things. Many Christians look around them at “the Church” today and everything seems rosy. But is it?

  • The Illusory Hope of Postmillennialism

    Postmillennialism is based on an interpretation of prophecy which, much like premillennialism, fails to reckon with the typical character of the Old Testament and interprets various prophecies in earthly terms.

  • Perilous Times

    The words a warning of imminent dangers. We see four things: First, the manner of the warning. Second, the evil itself that they are warned of. Third, the way of their introduction. Fourth, the time and season of it: “They shall come in the last days.”

  • Who is the Antichrist

    A short study on 1st John 2:18, 22; 4:3; and 2nd John 7 concerning the Antichrist. by pastor Doyle Dewberry, retired pastor of sovereign grace baptist proclaimer.

  

Messiah’s Covenant

  • The Promises to the Israel of God

    The Promise of a New Covenant with Israel (Jeremiah 31). Is it a Covenant with a literal genealogical people or geo political nation, or with a spiritual house wherein will dwell Righteousness?

  • Paul’s Theology of Israel’s Future

    A non-millennial interpretation of Romans 11. Non-millennial rather than amillennial (though it is certainly that) in order to accent the fact that this interpretation sees neither pre- nor postmillennialism in this passage. By Lee Irons, B.A., M.Div.

  • The 10 Lost Tribes of Israel

    It has been over 2,700 years since the Assyrians conquered the northern kingdom of Israel and exiled them from their land. Why are we hearing of a return of lost tribes? Are the 10 lost tribes of Israel fact or fiction?

  • Covenant Theology

    In the promise that Abraham and his offspring should inherit the Promised Land, we see illuminated in the New Testament that the land of Canaan was a shadow, a sort of down payment or token revealing a much greater fulfillment in God’s covenantal blessings to all His people. By Dennis N.

  • The Sabbath as an Eschatological Sign

    Israel’s Sabbath, on the last day of the week, is a sign of the works principle which was in operation under the old covenant. The elect among Israel were saved by faith alone in Christ alone. God republished the covenant of works with Israel, not as a means of justification, but as a disciplinarian unto Christ.

  • Romans Chapter 11

    A verse by verse exposition of Romans chapter eleven. “And so all Israel shall be saved”. But how God will save all Israel is the controversial question.

  • The Messenger of The Covenant

    (malachi 3:1) “and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in”

  • So All Israel Shall be Saved

    Romans 11 says nothing whatever about national Israel’s future salvation, yet it is now commonly interpreted to predict that the nation is to be healed of its spiritual blindness.

  • The 70 Weeks of Daniel Chapter 9

    An Exposition of the 70 weeks of Daniel Chapter 9 from a solid scriptural perspective. The Confirmning of the Convenant, the why, the how, and by whom.

  • The Coming of The Head of The Covenant

    Prof. David J. Engelsma asks, how many will celebrate Christmas as the coming of God’s Christ for the covenant?

  • The True Israel of God

    Are most professing Christians blind to the wondrous truth of the Church, instead obsessively preoccupied with the nation of Israel and the Jewish race?

  • The Two Olive Trees

    Unless one understands the two Israels, the term “all Israel” is an enigma. Those who hold to the continual use of a literal translation face a great problem with the term.

  • Galatians 6:16 and The Israel of God

    The phrase “the Israel of God” in Galatians 6:16 has long been a matter of contention. Scholars and theologians, as well as pastors and church leaders have debated whether or not the Church should be included in Paul’s descriptor “the Israel of God”.

  • The Problem with Radical Discontinuity

    An essay on the Continuity of the Old and New Testaments in Covenant Theology as contrasted not only with Dispensationalism, but also with “New Covenant Theology. It may seem at first glance that the people of God in the Old Testament were national Israel and that this has changed in a radical way when the Gentiles were brought in after Pentecost. But is this accurate?

  

  The Ekklesia  (Church)

  • Corporate and Individual Election

    There are passages which make clear that those who departed from the faith have forfeited much, in a sense severed from the Church. Yet there is another sense in which they never were a part of God’s Church.

  • Revelation Chapter 7

    A verse by verse exposition of Revelation Chapter 7, of the sealing of the one hundred forty and four thousand from the twelve tribes of Israel. Does it express the securing of 14400 Jewish saints, or the security of the saints of all families, and in all ages?

  • Revelation Chapter 11

    The (much misunderstood) Two Witnesses, their work, power, prophesy, and their killing at the hands of the Beast from the bottomless pit!

  • Revelation Chapter 12

    The Deliverance of the Woman in travail by the Man Child, who is caught up to be with God. Her subsequent being fed for 1260 days in the wilderness!

  • Thou hast Left Thy First Love

    First works are begotten of first love–which is to have charity towards those less fortunate, to preserve the great commission and the [agape] love wherein it was instituted. First love is not only revealed in our love for Christ, but also in our principle desire to work to bring the love of Christ to others.

  • The Woman and The Dragon

    A Study of Revelation Chapter 12 by Pastor Gene Breed. The Woman in travail is the Church, and the Man Child Christ!

  • Woe to the Woman!

    An Exposition of the Allegory of the Woman who has woe and suffering because of the Great Tribulation period.

  

Extra-Biblical Phenomena

  • Is Speaking In Tongues Biblical

    Is the modern day phenomenon in the Church of the so-called “Speaking in Tongues” or glossolalia, biblical for Christians today? What does the Bible really say (or not say) concerning Tongues?

  • These Signs Shall Follow Them That Believe

    These passages from Mark Chapter 16 have been the source of some controversy. This article is a biblical exposition on the real nature of the signs that Mark chapter 16:17-18 declares will follow all those who believe.


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